# language demands in math

They come from the Common Core State Standards for Math and English Language Arts (2012) and state standards in New York and California. This presentation is part of a broader workshop for educators. Syntax is the system used for organizing written or spoken communication. However, as we considered language demands, we felt that the framework was missing one element: the academic language functions implied by both the texts and the tasks, such as explain, inform, seek information, justify, infer, compare, and others. Vocabulary consists of subject-specific or general words, while language supports are the steps the teacher takes to help students learn all of the above. Part of the reason English learners struggle in mathematics is that rather than being language free, mathematics uses language that is a highly compressed form of communication where each word or symbol often represents an entire concept or idea. Academic Language Functions are used daily in all academic subjects. Below is an example of what components might be included in the various sections of the template. chapter 1/ The Academic Language of Mathematics 2 (e.g., 13 different terms are used to signify subtraction). The language function is to display. Adding adjectives such as six enables efficient assessment of whether students have achieved the … Yes, encourage them to learn and understand the use of the “proper” words, but while they are still having trouble understanding and explaining stuff in simple language the last thing to do is to burden them with “the proper words”. ... the effort of a group of 28 states to design new assessments of English-language proficiency that will measure the language demands of … language learning strategies to aid in comprehension (e.g, questioning, making predictions). The language demand is to graph (a line on a graph). Vocabulary includes slope-intercept formula (mathematics-specific) and equation (general). The language demand is the method students use to express their understanding of subject matter. Some of the attempts to make math more “mathematical” are leading to even greater confusion. The language functions go well beyond just learning the content vocabulary. A Focused Approach to Constructing Meaning, by Dutro and Levy explains further these functions and how best to support students. Math, Literacy, & Common Standards. In mathematics, we introduce many new content vocabulary terms. Below are examples of language objectives for different content areas and grade levels. Language demands of a learning task include any of the receptive language skills (e.g., listening, reading) or the productive language skills (e.g., speaking, writing) needed by the student in order to engage in and complete the task successfully. Language in the Math Classroom; A Workshop for Mathematics and Special Educators focuses on ways in which middle- grades math and special education teachers can support students with the language demands of the middle grades math classroom. The study investigates how 223 secondary mathematics teachers analyze students’ written explanations in a diagnostic activity aimed at unpacking what language demands they identify as relevant. Language demands are so embedded in instructional activities that you may take many for granted. Learning strategies to aid in comprehension ( e.g, questioning, making predictions ) proficiency will. ( e.g, questioning, making predictions ) ( e.g, questioning, making predictions ) Levy further. For granted included in the various sections of the attempts to make math more “ mathematical ” leading... Used for organizing written or spoken communication is to graph ( a line on a graph ) may many... 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