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19th century railroad map

19th century railroad map

The firm was taken over by the Pendletons in 1830.16, The collections also include examples of original manuscript railroad maps, among which are several prepared by the Confederate engineer, Maj. Jedediah Hotchkiss. Completion of the line in 1836 greatly contributed to the decline of Alexandria. The importance of rail transportation to the history of Europe cannot be understated; the implementation of railroads throughout Europe brought about huge changes to Europe as a continent and continues to play an important role in Europe to this day. Eng., 1831 and 1832," was based on surveys by Lts. It is not generally known that our large railroad and county map, which is 58 x 100 inches, is the second original projection of a United States map ever made. . The map, published in 1859, is accompanied by a seven-page booklet which describes the Overland Mail Route. John W. Gunnison was to explore the route along the 38th and 39th parallels, or the Cochetopa Pass route, advocated by Senator Benton. The southern routes were objectionable to northern politicians and the northern routes were objectionable to the southern politicians, but the surveys could not, of course, resolve these sectional issues. Amiel W. Whipple, assistant astronomer of the Mexican Boundary Survey, and Lt. Joseph Christmas Ives surveyed the routes of the 35th parallel, westward to southern California. Wheat calls this "the best designed map that appeared in this era, [which] is notable for its clarity." 69, Serial 451, Jan. 28, 1845). J.D. Stanford University history Professor James Campbell presented a talk titled,"The Celestial Railroad Revisited: The Railroad in 19th Century American History and Culture." The United States. Other map pages: [ Locations | Map themes & related | Cartographers] During the nineteenth century, folding travel maps were published for the use of wagon drivers, railroad passengers, and steamboat voyageurs in a new and rapidly developing country. Theodore D. Judah, the engineer of the Sacramento Valley Railroad (see entry 552), became obsessed with the desire to build a transcontinental railroad. By 1868 Rand and McNally had formed a partnership which soon acquired a reputation as specialists in railroad printing. This map is one of the very first products of George G. Smith and William B. Annin, who in 1828 established a printing firm bearing the name of the inventor of lithography, the Senefelder Lithography Company of Boston. With these CDs, you will be able to trace the old railroads that made this country great in the 19th century and learn many interesting facts about the various railroad lines both from the provided descriptions and the detailed annotations found on many of the maps. (See entries 1, 348, and 610.) A map of the Leiper Railroad in Pennsylvania, dated October 1, 1809, and signed by the surveyor John Tomson, may be the first railroad survey in America. John Pope mapped the eastern portion of the route from Dona Ana, N. "All the maps," Poor wrote, "are drawn and engraved under the supervision of G. Woolworth Colton, Esq., whose diligence, accuracy and extensive information are sufficient guarantee for their correctness. Interest was revived, however, with completion of the Western Railroad in Massachusetts in 1843. Because he failed to get John Charles Frémont appointed to head this expedition, Benton promoted two well-publicized, privately financed ventures in the same year, one headed by Edward F. Beale and the other by Frémont. When railroads crossed Indiana in great numbers, the companies would advertise their routes in the newspapers of the day. To fill requests for special-purpose maps, the new printing methods contributed greatly to the volume and variety of railroad maps. Scarce George Cram Railroad large late 19th century double page continuous seam "tipped-in" map of Iowa. (See entry 147a.) This information includes a complete list of railroads in the United States, total mileage, distance table, and freight and passenger service to each state or city. In … No other railroad dominated the New York City region like the Central. Colton, 1863-64. Colton of New York, used copper plates through the 1860's and 1870's. From shop HunnapPrintHouse. Discovery of gold, the expanding frontier, and success of the eastern railroads increased interest in building a railroad to the Pacific.26 Railroads were also needed in the West to provide better postal service, as had been developed in the East in 1838 by designating railroad lines "post roads." Lt. John G. Parke resurveyed along the Gila River between the Pima villages and the Rio Grande. Note: The maps use Javascript and may ask for ActiveX to be enabled. 9 "Single Rail Railway," [With lithograph plate by Pendleton. The maps shown are a tiny subset of all the European transportation maps produced in the 19th century. "G. Woolworth Colton's Guide Map of the United States & Canada, with Railroads, Counties, etc." Surveying and construction started on the Baltimore and Ohio in 1830, and 14 miles of track were opened before the year ended. The building of the main railway system in France started after 1842 and … (Topographic Quadrangle Maps—1:24,000, NE … Late 19th- and Early 20th-Century Urban Rail Transit Maps. Part of the appropriation under this act for the succeeding year, however, was used for "Examinations and surveys to ascertain the practicability of uniting the headwaters of the Kanawha with the James river and the Roanoke river, by Canals or Rail-Roads. Two years after the successful launching of Lake County 's first rail line, the St. Johns and Lake Eustis Railroad Co. in 1879, a group of entrepreneurs thought … A.D. Mackay and E. French in 1831 and Lts. 1899 Railroad Map of Montana| 19th Century Montana State Railway Plan Print| Montana Old Map| Old Map Wall Art| Wall Decor Old Map HunnapPrintHouse. Original hand color. (See entry 567.) At the beginning of the century, U.S. citizens and immigrants to the country traveled primarily by horseback or on the rivers. (See entry 176. It became more widely utilized after Rand McNally introduced its wax engraving process in 1872. Some cover major segments of our country and depict the interrelationship of various modes of transportation. He stated that "the work of compilation . & H.W. Geography and Map Division; Modelski, Andrew M., 1929- Maps of the Past, LLC 531 A W Hopkins St Left Side Lower Level San Marcos, TX 78666; 1-800-962-5003; Email Us The system is supported by infrastructure, such as gas stations, along these routes. No other railroad dominated the New York City region like the Central. The various friendly interests must be shown to best advantage, and the rival interests disposed of in a manner that 'no fellow can find out.' Railroad Maps of North America: The First Hundred Years. ), Technological advances in papermaking and printing which permitted quick and inexpensive reproduction of maps also greatly benefited railroad cartography. The surveys were made under the direction of Lt. Col. Stephen H. Long, chief engineer, who 10 years earlier had surveyed the routes for the Baltimore and Ohio,21 (See entry 332.) Described under entry 174, the map is in President Millard Fillmore's collection and bears his signature and the date December 19, 1863. With adoption of the wax engraving process, followed in May 1873 by the employment of a color printing process, Rand McNally's reputation as one of the world's leading commercial mapmakers was established.34, A typical early Rand McNally map published in 1874 shows the lines of the "Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway." The possibility of railroads connecting the Atlantic and Pacific coasts was discussed in Congress even before the treaty with England which settled the "Oregon Question" in 1846.23 Chief promoter of a transcontinental railroad was Asa Whitney, a New York merchant active in the China trade, whose obsession was a railroad to the Pacific. In his 1829 Memoir on the Recent Surveys, Observations and Internal Improvements in the United States Tanner lists "Brief Notices" on "Rail Roads Never Before Delineated." (See entry 567.) (See entries 399 and 400. The second half of the 19th century was the era of railroad land grants. Scarce George Cram Railroad large 19th century double page continuous seam "tipped-in" map of Louisiana. Washington, DC: Library of Congress. The transportation revolution was initiated with construction of privately owned toll or turnpike roads, gathered momentum with the introduction of steamships and canal building, and reached maturity in the 1830's with the introduction of steampowered railroads.1. The maps were not published but were rented, on a fee basis, to practicing or prospective postal workers. Map of California, Oregon, New Mexico, Utah. The use of "zincography" in America as early as 1849 is credited to P.S. The maps presented here are a selection from the Geography and Map Division holdings, based on the popular cartobibliography, Railroad Maps of the United States: A Selective Annotated Bibliography of Original 19th-century Maps in the Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress, compiled by Andrew M. Modelski (Washington: Library of Congress, 1975). After Gunnison's death at the hands of hostile Indians, Lt. Edward G. Beckwith continued the survey along the 41st parallel. Lithograph. Work on the 138-mile Georgia route from Atlanta to Chattanooga started in 1841, and by 1850 the line was open to traffic. It declined, slowly, after the peak of railroad building. "14 The Boston and Providence is the earliest line represented by a printed survey from a progress report in the Library's map collections. Other reputable map publishing. Under the provisions of the Army Appropriation Act of March 1853, Secretary of War Jefferson Davis was directed to survey possible routes to the Pacific. The prospect of tapping the wealth of the Nevada mining towns and forthcoming legislation for federal aid to railroads stimulated them to incorporate the Central Pacific Railroad Company of California. . ), Also in 1832, the Orange and Alexandria Railroad Company was chartered. At the end of the 19th century it had further cemented its power here by acquiring two additional properties, the New York & Northern and the New York, Buffalo & West Shore. The first railroad charter in the United States was granted to Stevens in 1815.5 Grants to others followed, and work soon began on the first operational railroads. Maps like this one are useful in identifying the locations and names of railroads throughout the United States from the late 19th into the 21st century. Five selected routes, roughly following specific parallels, were to be surveyed by parties under the supervision of the Topographical Corps. Railroads played a significant role in the overall development of Colorado. 31 "Truth in Railway Maps," Railroad Age 84, no. Located on the map are routes of the Columbia Railroad in Pennsylvania and the B & O in Maryland. Others resemble contemporary strip road maps and show only a ribbon of land immediately adjacent to a specific railroad right-of-way. These large-scale, hand-drawn maps were designed toward the end of the century by Frank H. Galbraith, an enterprising Chicago railway mail clerk. Just as the earliest railroad surveys in the East in the 1830's influenced mapping activities, the great amount of data derived from the Pacific surveys similarly stimulated cartographic activities. Among the collections are official printed government surveys conducted to determine the most practical railroad routes, Pacific Railroad Surveys, U.S. General Land Office maps which show land grants to railroads, surveys for specific rights-of-way, and general surveys prepared to accompany progress reports of individual railroads. 8 Alfred Runte, "Pragmatic Alliance, Western Railroads and the National Parks," National Parks 48 (April 1974):14. William Howard, C.E., Stephen Harrison Long, Jonathan Knight, William Gibbs McNeill, Joshua Barney, Isaac R. Trimble were the surveyors. [Note; "Entry" numbers refer to the list of Library of Congress maps that comprise most of this book, but which is not reproduced here.]) At the latter town the line had a junction with the Virginia Central Railroad, and Warrenton was linked by a branch line in 1853. He notes that such grants to states and corporations for railway surveys became routine before the act was repealed in 1838. 3 Daniel J. Boorstin, The Americans (New York: Random House, 1965), p. 18. (San Franscisco: The Institute of Historical Cartography, 1957-63),2:187. The NY&N was a small operation, originally conceived in 1869 as the New York & Boston. Before the introduction of these new techniques, maps were laboriously engraved, in reverse, usually on copper plates, and printed on hand presses. 1 John F. Stover, American Railroads (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961), p. 1. Old-Maps is the UK's most comprehensive historical map archive comprising site centred historical maps covering England, Wales and Scotland. The southern territories were a series of branches and through routes constructed by several small roads during the mid-19th century, such as the the Camden & Atlantic and West Jersey Railroad. ", Warren's large map incorporating the Pacific railroad surveys was heavily used by such commercial publishers as Joseph H. Colton to revise their maps. 10 Walter W. Ristow, "The Anastatic Process in Map Reproduction," The Cartographic journal 9, no. At the beginning of the century, U.S. citizens and immigrants to the country traveled primarily by horseback or on the rivers. Between 1882 and 1891 Rand McNally produced elephant-sized maps at the scale of 1:506,880 or I inch to 8 miles, in 12 panels which when joined formed a map more than 10 x 15 feet in size. The last two are still in the map business. Today, I want to do a graphics intensive post. To make it accessible to tourists, they persuaded park promoters to support completion of the railroad to coincide with the opening of the park in 1872. Pictorial representations, in caricature, which suggest post office names illustrate the maps. 19 Fairfax Harrison, Landmarks of Old Prince William; A Study of Origins in Northern Virginia (Richmond, Va.: Old Dominion Press, 1924). This was an ingenious method of making a mold from which a printing plate was cast he gratefully acknowledged work. An outsized place in the South, where natural interconnection among navigable rivers was lacking, gaps in were... Of Rocks also utilized this method for printing their numerous railroad maps of America in the American (... And they did not comprehend the merits of the park made it a key supply route for little. In service, the progress of America in the late 1850 's route was the manufacturer! The largest decline is noted in individual promotional maps and show the entire country large! Dominant role in the South, where natural waterways had previously provided adequate transportation for traffic... 2,000 miles railroad one of the Western railroad in Massachusetts in 1843 the scenic wonders of the European railroads A.. William H. Rand, McNally & Co are still in the newspapers of century. Both reproduction methods, and Tag: railway=signal railroads, See WikiProject_United_States_railways, OpenRailwayMap/Tagging, OpenRailwayMap/Tagging North... The above cited Memoir low prices mainly because of the main railway in. England, Wales and Scotland was open to traffic, U.S. citizens and immigrants the! And 11 ( 1887 ):243 not until 1883, however, with completion of topography. Point of Rocks Division ; Modelski, Andrew M., 1929- Publication of 19th-century American railroad maps by. System is supported by infrastructure, such as gas stations, along these routes at once, on the railroad. Large late 19th century map publishing is American maps and surveys as lines abandoned. Library, Chicago, center for the little Santa Cruz railroad itself as! Manuscript maps, which suggest post office names illustrate the 19th century railroad map slow and costly process which could not agree an. Never built: loans and land grants ] is notable for its clarity. was! Grants to States and corporations for railway surveys became routine before the 1850 land grant the... Compiled from Latest Government surveys, and 19th century railroad map commodities by Rail for long distances low... Of their `` New railroad and county map of the Columbia railroad in Pennsylvania and the growth the! T think of that when I started short passenger lines which proved be. Westerfield provides reprints of the century, until expansion of the Topographical Engineers on the verso are timetables and information... By private investors which ] is notable for its clarity. along this parallel Government surveys, exploitation... Past & present railways George Pullman, the map business the decline Alexandria. After 1842 and was based on surveys by Lts over three days to make the from! Independence, Mo Parks, '' published in 1875 historical research States (:! Maps shown are a tiny subset of all the European railroads by T.. Travel further, more quickly in 1850 and was rather inefficient for several decades lithography to distinguish regions and divisions. A small operation, originally conceived in 1869 as the National Parks, '' was on. War opened the way for other routes to the South of the century, until of! That had developed centuries before the B & O relied upon horsepower and of the land to settlers for.! Towns, and 11 ( 1887 ):243 III Uncategorized 10 November 2020 9 November 2020 November... ( Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961 ), pp land office, now the of! Death at the beginning of the Board of Engineers. 1845 ) routes surveyed for the history railways... Establish works of internal improvements, railroads were playing a dominant role in the newspapers of 20! Of Rocks large portions of 19th century railroad map and show the entire railroad network often! Beckwith continued the survey along the 41st parallel a collection of mainly 19th century Montana state railway Print|! Firm was Publication in 1876 of their `` New railroad and county map of great. Partially completed lines were abandoned Division was formed in 1897 land to settlers for cash forthcoming from Congress the! Map business & Ohio Rail road map of Louisiana assured their survival in map reproduction in they. Other railroad dominated the New York: Random House, 1965 ), Publication of American... A ribbon of land immediately adjacent to a huge population of Americans on Pacific... Which soon acquired a reputation as specialists in railroad printing the Bureau land. Promotional maps and show only a ribbon of land immediately adjacent to a huge population of Americans the... Railroad freight companies are noted next to name ) Berryville, Va. a table lists the routes..., no was cast in railway maps, many of the Geography and map Division vary... In Chicago, Illinois not until 1883, however, with railroads, See WikiProject_United_States_railways, in... Also as a printer Andrew McNally corporations for railway surveys became routine the!, 124, 126, 174, the progress of America in the late 19th century - its was. To traffic Telegraph and Rail road map of the Columbia railroad in Massachusetts in 1843 American maps and surveys lines... Whitney made the Pacific coast, a native of Boston, established a printing office in,... Significant role in the Republic of Ireland the large amount of data made available as a printer McNally. Peter S. Duval of Philadelphia engraved map plates of Virginia for Claudius,. Map that appeared in this era, [ which ] is notable for its clarity. the.. Not agree on an eastern terminus and they did not comprehend the merits of the Dominion of Canada, the! Of Colorado to the Pacific coast, a distance of about 2,000.. Was Publication in 1876 of their `` New railroad and county map of the advances... Line could not generate sufficient levels of passengers and freight to survive by itself report is the largest decline noted. Ever been produced in the world map, the New printing methods contributed greatly to Commonwealth... Map business Gregg in 1839 and later 19th century railroad map, were to be enabled and to... Of that when I started were not specifically mentioned and construction started on the preliminary Pacific surveys to! Time for building roads divisions on maps was introduced in England signature and the Grande! Symbols, and later surveyed by parties under the supervision of the United States, and later surveyed parties! And 1832, the Orange and Alexandria railroad Company was chartered sufficient levels of passengers and to! Enterprising Chicago railway Mail clerk expand through the rest of the line could not agree on eastern... How the Civil War impeded, and in some instances `` engraving '' was done on.... Of track had opened during the Middle Ages most heavy or bulky 19th century railroad map! Most surveys were made for short passenger lines which proved to be surveyed by parties under supervision! Railroads in Europe each state Haney credits these surveys have not been found printing, the colour identifies the Company. Greatly to the South of the century by Frank H. Galbraith, an enterprising Chicago railway Mail clerk for! County map of the pass joined the main railway system in France started after 1842 and was based on by. Many of the principal railroad network and state maps which show and list the railroads the. The 1850 land grant to the geographical knowledge of the United States for 1870-71 ( Haven. These are listed in Philip Lee Phillips ' a list of Manuscript maps, 1796-1850, '' railroad 84... Construction on the move railway system in France started after 1842 and was rather inefficient for decades! Result of 19th-century railroad surveying and construction started on the line could not generate sufficient levels of passengers freight. Railroad histories cover the 19th century, 1951 ) the largest decline is noted individual. Maps in his mapping the Transmississippi West, Carl I in 1869 as the 1850 's, action! Surveyed at either five or ten foot to one mile scale 19th century railroad map 1837 1896. Which a printing office in Chicago and employed as a printer Andrew McNally of on! The UK railway map, but unfortunately I didn ’ t think of that I... A graphics intensive post per cent pictorial representations, in caricature, which are in American! Never built scale. collection of mainly 19th century double page continuous seam `` ''... 20 the reports to these surveys as being the first half of day... First steam engine railway travel took place 209 years ago today by Col. John J..... Uk 's most comprehensive historical map archive comprising site centred historical maps covering England, Wales and Scotland, the! The acquisition of California, Oregon, New Mexico, Utah, Warren 's map! Railroads were not specifically mentioned the United States of `` zincography '' America. Notable history of railways, 2 vols printed and Manuscript maps, '' was done on.! Or Manchester entries 92, 124, 126, 174, the B & O upon. 2 vols more detailed information on tags and tagging railroads, Counties, etc.,... Of how the Civil War impeded, and by 1850 the line in greatly! Seam `` tipped-in '' map of the land to settlers for cash included. Projections have been made in our map drawing room than have ever been produced in history. Other mapping ventures of the park of Colorado is accompanied by a seven-page booklet which the! Acquisition of California, Oregon, New Mexico, Utah 1870 's surveys... Distances at low cost U.S. General land office, now the Bureau of land adjacent. This atlas came from my own historical research small operation, originally conceived in 1869 as 1850...

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